Hope ile (Pişmanlık ifadesi)

Hope ile (Pişmanlık ifadesi)

PİŞMANLIK İFADESİ

 1  –  Ielts Sınavı ( Ielts Sınavı için birebir Özel Ders )
2 –  Ielts Sınavı ( Ielts Sınavı için 4 kişilik Grup Dersi )

Ielts sınavı için hazırlanan adayların bilmek zorunda olduğu “HOPE” kelimesi ile  ( Pişmanlık İfadesi)  konusunda hazırlanan bu bilgilerin yararlı olması umudu ile

Expressing wishes with ‘ hope ‘ We can use ‘ hope ‘ to Express our wishes and regrets relating to the past or future. Expressing past wishes with ‘ hope ‘. 1 ) I had hoped you would ask me. = I wanted you to ask, but you didn’t. 2 ) I hope we can go to Paris.      I am hoping we will see Tom. Both sentences hopes for the future. NOTE : Hope is never used with will or any modal verbs. Study the use of the hope in the following dialogue. Fiona and James are planning their trip. Fiona : I hope the weather is good when we get to Foça tomorrow. James : I think it will be hot all week but I hope it isnt too hot. Fiona : Oh. I’m hoping it is ! I can sunbathe and swim. I hope you wont be bored.  James : Well, i can walk in the hills. I’m hoping I can find someone to give me good directions. Fiona : I hope you dont get lost in the hills. James : Well, If I do, I hope some kind village people invite me to their home for dinner. Expressing disappointment with ‘ hope ‘ Hope + past continuons ( or past perfect ) + could / would expresses disappointment : Look at the dialogue below : I’m sorry ! Alison : I’m sorry, I cant to your party. Brian : What a pity ! I was hoping / had hoped you would come.

NOTE : Hope in past continuons is formal and more common in spoken English

 Hope ile (Pişmanlık ifadesi)

   Exercise 1. Complete part B, using hope + past continuons or past perfect expressing disappointment. 1 ) A : I forgot your birthday.      B : I was hoping / had hoped you’d remembered. 2 ) A : I couldnt come to your house.       B : …………………………. 3 ) A : I didnt bring your book.       B : …………………………….. 4 ) A : I invited Tom to your party. I’m really sorry.       B : …………………………………. 5 ) A : I started smoking again.       B : ………………………………….. 6 ) A : I couldnt buy the present.      B : ……………………….. Exercise 2. Complete the dialogue, using the correct form of the verbs in brackets to express hopes or wishes. A : What are doing at the moment? B : I …………1 ………….. ( hope ) to gratuade from university this year. A : I’m sure you wish you ….. 2 …… ( finish ) all your exams ! B : I wish I ….. 3 …… ( have ) more time to study , thats all. A : I …….. 4 ……… ( hope ) to invite you for a holiday but maybe you are busy. B : I wish I ………… 5 ………. ( visit ) you but I cant at the moment. A : I understand. I hope you, ………… 6 …………. ( come ) next year. B : I understand I ……….. 7 ……….. ( can ) too : I wish I ……. 8 ……… (be ) on holiday now ! NOTE : Hope can be used in all tenses depending on the situation.  Exercise 3. Complete the sentences with  wish, wishes, hope, or hopes. 1 ) I wish I had travelled more. 2 ) He  ………………… he will go to a good school. 3 ) Do you ……………… you could sing well. 4 ) I ……………….. I can see you again. 5 ) Who ………………… they lived in a castle ? 6 ) We all ………………….. we will be chosen for the football team. 7 ) She …………………… she had a flat of her own. 8 ) They ……………………… the will be friens forever. 9 ) I really ……………….. I were more confident with people. 10 ) You ………………. she will phone you, dont you ?

 Hope ile (Pişmanlık ifadesi)

  Expressing criticism of others Wish + would / coul  infinitive This structure expresses criticism of others : I wish you could get out of bed in the morning. = I want you to get out bed, but you dont. I wish you wouldnt smoke in the bedroom. = I dont want you to smoke in the bedroom, but you do. Study the use of the wish + would  / could or wish + simple past in the dialogue. Arzu and her husband  Bill are shopping at a furniture shop. Arzu : Oh Bill, look at that lovely sofa. I wish we could buy it. Bill : I wish you would stop looking at the most expensive furniture. Arzu : It is not expensive. I wish I had my fathers credit card. Bill : That is impossible Arzu. You cant have everything you wish for. Arzu : Well I wish  we were rich, lets have some lunch. Bill : All right ! All right ! Your wish is my command. Exercise 4. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in the brackets. Pay attention to whether the verb expresses a state or an action. THE COLD FLAT Susan and June are sitting in their flat with blankets wrapped around them. June : I’m freezing. I wish it ………. 1 ………… ( be ) so cold. Susan : I know. I wish the caretaker …….. 2 …… ( turn ) on the central heating. June : He probaly doesnt have any fuel. Susan : Well, I wish he ……….. 3 …….. ( get ) some. June : Even if he turns it on, it will stil be cold for 24 hours. Susan : I wish I ……….. 4 …….. ( visit ) Africa the I’d be warm. June : I wish you ……… 5 …….. ( be ) there now. Then I wouldnt have to listen to your complaints. Expressing displeasure Often ‘ wish ‘ is used to express displeasure at someone elses behaviour or about something they are doing – or not doing. In that case would or wouldnt is used after wish : wish  you would do your homework in time. = You never do your homework in time. wish you wouldnt make a noise during the lessons. = You are always making a noise during the lessons. Exercises 5.  Make a sentences with I wish + would / wouldnt to express your displeasure at the situation described in these sentences. 1 ) You talk so much. I wish you wouldnt talk so much. 2 ) You are always interrupting me when I’m speaking. 3 ) Your students are very noisy. 4 ) You use a lot of bad language. 5 ) You tell lies. I never know when to believe you. 6 ) People write grafiti all over the walls in the public toilets. 7 ) You spend too much time playing games on your computer.

 Hope ile (Pişmanlık ifadesi)