Place Calauses ( YER BİLDİREN CÜMLELER )
PLACE CLAUSE EXPRESSİONS : where, wherever, anywhere, somewhere, everywhere Examples People want to live where their children will get a good education. Where I come from, it rains almost every day. Everywhere that Mary went, her pet lamb followed. Wherever I sit, the sun is in my eyes. I lost my purse somewhere I sat. You may sit anywhere you want. As seen above, a place clause can be used before or after the main clause. Place clauses begin with where, wherever, everywhere, anywhere or somewhere. We use where to express a definite place. A place clause beginning with everywhere or wherever doesn’t express a definite place. Wherever usually emphasises the place expression. Study the use of the place clause in bold in the passage.
Your freedom is something you don’t usually think about very much unless it is being restricted for sme reason or other. But imagine being in prison. If you’ve been locked up ‘inside’ you can no longer go where you want, when you want. Perhaps you didn’t feel so very free when you used to have struggle back from the bazaar with the shopping or when you felt obliged to make that long bus journey to visit your grandmother but you will see things differently now because suddenly you can’t go anywhere at all that you might like to. It is likely that you can’t even g oto the bathroom at your own convenience. All you will be able to think about now are all the places you would like to visit – the bazaar, your grandmother, for example. Probably you would be quite satisfied just to be able to go somewhere we can. Everywhere in the world outside you know that there are people travelling around to wherever they want to go while you are stuck in your cell.
Exercise 1. Answer these questions from the passage. 1 When do you start to think about your freedom? 2 What happens if you get sent to prison? 3 What would you be satisfied with doing? 4 Where are people free to go about their business? 5 Where would you most miss being able to go if you were sent to prison? (in your own words.) Exercise 2 . Fill in the blanks with where, wherever, everywhere, or somewhere to make place clauses.
Turkey Awaits You
East is East and West is West – but Turkey is something else. For this reason it is the perfect destination for the tourist who is looking for a holiday that is a little different. For …… 1 …… you go in Turkey, you will find the unexpected, the unusual and sometimes even the disturbing. Be prepared for anything, for this is indeed a land of surprises. Don’t plan too rigidly. Be flexible with your plans. Go …… 2 …… life takes you.. Go …… 3 …… the spirit moves you. You will find it very easy to travel around the Turkey despite the long distances between places …… 4 …… there is a road, you will find a regular bus service that is cheap and reliable. And something else that you can be sure of is the warm welcome that you will be greeted with …… 5 …… you go. The Turkish people have the reputation for being the most hospitable people in the world – and rightly so. But Turkish food has not always been given its proper status among the great cuisines. You may only be familiar with yogurt and döner kebaps. Be sure to try proper Turkish cooking. Turkish food is excellent and almost …… 6 …… food is served you can rely on getting a truly delicious meal at a very reasonable cost. So try Turkey. Try its people. Try its food. Try its culture …… 7 …… you will find your destination waiting for you – and perhaps, who knows, even your destiny too….
Exercise 3. Answer these questions from the passage. 1 Why is Turkey the perfect holiday destination fort he tourist who is looking for something a little different? 2 Why is it so easy to travel in Turkey? 3 What are Turkish people famous for? 4 Which Turkish foods are well-known in other countries? 5 Where can you get a good meal in Turkey? 6 If you were a foreign tourist, would this article make you want to come to Turkey? Why? or Why not? (in your own words) Study the use of place clauses in the dialogues. Arzu is talking to her brother, Hakan. Arzu : It’s not fair! I can’t go anywhere I want with my friends. Hakan : Did Dad stop you going somewhere that you wanted? Arzu : I can’t go anywhere I want. You are lucky you can go wherever you want. Hakan : Don’t worry, when you’re at university in İstanbul you can go everywhere you want. Ali and Can are walking in the hills. Ali : Is there anywhere we can stop for lunch ? Can : I thought you said you could walk as far as I can. Ali : I can! I’ll go wherever you go. Can : O.K. Let’s see where this hill goes. Ali : Oh no! When you invited me out, I didn’t know you were going to walk everywhere in one day! Can : Stop complaining, just stay as near as you can to me. I’ll push you. Exercise 4 . Complete the dialogue, using the conjunctions where, wherever, somewhere, everywhere or anywhere. Ali and Lale are discussing their trip to Europe. Ali : Where shall we go in Europe? Lale : Let’s go …… 1 …… we can Ali : We can’t go …… 2 …… we like. Lale : Oh I forgot, we can only go …… 3 …… we’ve already got a visa. Ali : That’s right we can only go …… 4 …… we are allowed to. Lale : Can’t we go …… 5 …… that hasn’t given us a visa already? Ali : Yes, it’s possible to get a visa …… 6 …… we show our passports. Exercise 5. Fill in the blanks in the dialogue with where, everywhere, whenever, anywhere or as far as. Ali : This Eurorail ticket is great, I can go …… 1 …… I want. Bill : Can you really go …… 2 …… you like? Ali : Well, I can travel …… 3 …… I like in Europe. Bill : If I were you, I’d go …… 4 …… I could. Ali : Unfortunately, I only have a month but I’m going to travel …… 5 …… I can, perhaps İstanbul. Bill : How exciting, a month’s holiday ……6 …… you feel like going. Exercise 6 . Answer these questions, using the words in brackets to make place clauses. 1. Where will they locate the new factory? (good transport facilities) They will locate the new factory where there are good transport facilities. 2. Where will they plant rice? (good supply of water) 3. Where did you leave your umbrella? (sitting on the bus) 4. Where is a gunman usually positioned? ( able to get a good view of the target without being seen himself) 5. Where did the crowd gather? ( good view of the palace) 6. Where do birds go in winter? (South, it’s warm) 7. Where are there ice-bergs? (seas freze) 8. Where do tourists want to go? (sun, sand and cheap package holidays) 9. Where does danger wait for us? (least expect it )
10. Where should parents keep medicines? ( out of reach of small children)
Exercise 7 . Combine the two sentences below, using the conjunctions in brackets to make place clauses. 1. There was a pool of blood on the floor. The murder took place there. (Where) There was a pool of blood on the floor where the murder took place there 2. He drove his car slowly. The road was rough. (wherever) 3. Let’s camp. There is water and shelter. ( where) 4. I carry a photograph of you. I always carry a photograph of you. (everywhere) 5. You will have problems if you stay here. You will have problems if you go there. ( wherever) 6. You can see lots of fish. The river runs into the sea there. ( where) 7. I waited for her. We had arranged to meet there. ( where) 8. There is a village. There is always at least one mosque. ( where) 9. There is no rain. There is desert. ( where) 10. You can park your car. You can park your car or there as you wish. (anywhere) 11. Look for rabbits. There are holes in the ground ( where) 12. John goes. John’s dog goes. ( everywhere) PUNCTUATING ADVERBIAL CLAUSES A comma is placed between an adverbial clause and the main clause when the adverbial clause comes at the beginning of the sentence : For Example : Before your home gets burgled,( adverbial clause) call your local police station for free advice on security. ( main clause) Exercise 8 . Put in commas where you think they are needed. 1. Whenever it’s cold you may turn on the heater. 2. Does a man with a military background have more self-discipline than a civilian? 3. I didn’t see the Queen when I visited Buckingham Palace. 4. She left home because her father treated her badly. 5. We haven’t seen him since he returned from Adana. 6. Because he had a puncture on the motorway he didn’t arrive until the meeting was almost finished. 7. He didn’t take his driving test last week because his instructor told him he wasn’t ready. 8. He planted a tree to mark the birth of each of their seven children. 9. Although he is now eighty years old the president remains in remarkably good health. 10. If he had been offered a pay rise he would have stayed with the company. 11. You can’t get into the factory unless you have a special pass. 12. Unless you hurry up you’re going to miss the boat. 13. Let’s have a cup of tea before we get on the train. 14. Before boarding the train make sure your ticket is date-stamped in the special machine. 15. I will have finished this book by the end of the month. 16. By the end of the year I will be half-way through the next book.
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