Soru Kelimeleri ile Noun Clause
Soru Kelimeleri ile Noun Clause Nasıl Kurulur
Question – word noun clauses
John ‘ s Letter
How is going in the Department of Environmental Studies at Cambridge ? Everyone says you have made a good choice. ‘ Environment ‘ certainly seems to be a major issue at the moment – it‘s what‘s being talked about everywhere and everyone is expected to have an opinion about it. Iguess though ‘ environment ‘ really is about most important issue of our time. I am involved in it too. My next term’s Project is on ‘ The Environment and the Struggle of the Environmentalists ‘. I know that you are doing your thesis on something along the same lines so I wonder if you would mind answering a few questions for me. I hope you dont mind. Any answers or comments that you can find time to send back to me will be really appreciated.
Take care ! See you soon ,
Best wishes ,
Exercise 1. Rewrite John’s questions , putting them into noun clauses. Begin your sentences with ‘ John asked Tom …. ‘ Your answers will be reported speech.
1 ) What does the word ‘ environment ‘ mean ?
John asked Tom what the word environment meant.
2 ) What does an environmentalist do in relation to the environment ?
3 ) When did the word environment begin to gain important in its present sense ?
4 ) Why are people so concered about the environment.
5 ) How do environmentalists try to publicise their struggle.
6 ) How do changes in the environment affect life in general ?
7 ) How can amore promising environment be crated.
8 ) Is it possible for living things to adjust to rapidly changing conditions in thee environment ?
9 ) Do people harm the environment while trying to master it ?
10 ) Is fighting pollution an environmental activity ?
11 ) What are environmental pollutants ?
12 ) Is preventing pollution enough to protect and preserve the natural environment ?
Exercise 2. Answer the following questions , beginning with ‘ I dont know … ‘
1 ) What is she doing here ?
I dont know what she’s doing there.
2 ) Who is going to water the flowers ?
3 ) How long has he been standing there ?
4 ) Where does she come from ?
5 ) When the plane from Ankara arrive ?
6 ) Whose book is this ?
7 ) What does he want ?
8 ) Which bus goes to Bodrum ?
Exercise 3. Turn these direct speech questions into reported speech with a question – word noun clause. Begin your sentences with ‘ He asked me ….. ‘
1 ) Where is the post office ?
He asked me where the post office was.
2 ) What kind of music do you like ?
3 ) What did they do yesterday ?
4 ) How long have they been here ?
5 ) How many sons have the Öztürk’s got ?
6 ) Whose car is this ?
7 ) How much did you pay fort his car ?
8 ) When does school begin ?
9 ) Why is Rose crying ?
10 ) Why did you come here ?
11 ) Which car does wife want to buy ?
12 ) Who invented the radio ?
13 ) Is Jack in ?
14 ) Will they leave today ?
15 ) Have you had lunch yet ?
16 ) How can we get to Erzurum ?
Exercise 4. Complete the sentences , using the words in the questions to make question – word noun clauses.
1 ) Where is she going ?
I dont know where she’s going.
2 ) When did they come ?
Ask them yourself ….
3 ) Whats’s he going to do ?
We must find out …
4 ) How many students are there at this school ?
I’ll ask the headmaster ….
5 ) Why is she unhappy ?
Ask her boyfriend …
6 ) How can we get to the city centre ?
Let’s ask a policeman …
Exercise 5. Change the phrases in bold into noun clauses , using the words in brackets.
1 ) We will find out the reason for her leaving the house. ( why she … )
We will find out why she left the house.
2 ) We heard of her winning the scholarship. ( thats she … )
We heard that she won the scholarship.
3 ) I knew of their need. ( what they … )
4 ) I asked him the time. ( what time … )
5 ) I’ll ask his age. ( how old … )
6 ) I discovered the reason for their late arrival. ( why they … )
7 ) He asked me about the failure of my business. ( why my … )
8 ) Everbody was surprised at her having long black finger nails. ( that she … )
9 ) People quesitoned the Minister about the reasons for continuing inflation. ( why inflation … )
10 ) We all believed the reports in the press. ( what …. )
11 ) We were surprised at their dismissal. ( that they .. )
12 ) Dont ask a woman her age. ( how old … )
13 ) Your opinion may be wrong. (what you … )
14 ) Her words made everybody laugh. ( what she … )
Exercise 6. Change the phrases in bold into noun clauses , using the words in brackets and add any necessary words.
1 ) Ask his proffession. ( what / be )
Ask what his proffession is.
2 ) Find out their nationality. ( where / come / from )
3 ) Find out the cause of the fire in the hotel. ( why / started )
4 ) Ask the students their names. ( what / be )
5 ) Please tell me your address. ( where / live )
6 ) He explained the causes og inflation. ( what / be )
7 ) Dont forget to note down the date of meeting. ( when / be )
8 ) His place of birth isnt known. ( where / come / from )
9 ) A man’s wealth is not related to his happiness in life. ( how / be )
10 ) My only wish is to make you happy. ( all / want )
11 ) Her question was nonsense. ( what / ask )
Exercise 7. Change the noun phrases in bold into noun clauses , using the words in brackets as cues. This will usually maket he sentence less formal.
1 ) I remembered your advice. ( what / tell / do )
I remembered what you told me to do.
2 ) Can you describe its apperance ? ( what / look like )
3 ) I want to try to understand your problem. ( what / be / wrong )
4 ) He told us about his inventions. ( what / invent )
5 ) I’ll remember my parents wishes. ( what / tell / me / do )
6 ) Government opinion on this matter isnt known yet. ( what / government / thinks / about / this )
7 ) A man’s actions are more important than his words. ( what / man / do )
8 ) I hope to gain a higher mark. ( that / get / better marks )
9 ) I hope to see him today. ( that / I )
10 ) He suggested assistance for the poor. ( that / poor / should be / helped )
11 ) I was told to be punctual. ( that / have to / be / on time )
12 ) Doctors hope to find a cure for all cancers soon. ( that / they )
13 ) I explained the difficulties. ( what / be )
14 ) He was unaware of his discovery of a new continent. ( that / discover )